1891 Methods of Heating in the Schools

  • Gunns Road School

    Problem of Heating and Ventilating School Buildings

    The Toronto School Board struggled for many years with the problem of heating and ventilating school buildings. In his 1891 report, the Superintendent of Buildings, C.H. Bishop, recorded the methods of heating in the schools: four schools were heated by steam, three schools by coal burning stoves, nine by wood burning stoves, and 31 with the Smead-Dowd system.

    Photographer unknown

    Black and white photograph

    2012.X.513

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    Black and white photo of children outside single storey wooden building, two entrance doors